Choose the Best Communication Technique Available


Recently on the DAD LinkedIn discussion forum we’ve had an interesting conversation going on that strayed into the effectiveness of various communication techniques.  This conversation got me to thinking a bit about an article that I first wrote over a decade ago, Communication on Agile Software Projects, based on material in my Agile Modeling book.  This article extends some of Alistair Cockburn’s thinking on the topic, summarized in Figure 1, which in turn extends a body of work called Media Richness Theory.  The basic observation is that the richer the communication channel – such as email, videoconferencing, or face-to-face conversation – the more effective it is in practice.

Figure 1. Comparing the effectiveness of communication techniques.

Communication Modes

In the DAD book Mark and I said that the implication of Figure 1 was that given the situation you find yourself in that you should choose to use the most effective communication strategy available to you.  We thought that this was all that needed to be said, but since then we’ve come to realize that a better diagram is needed.  We developed Figure 2 which we believe communicates this strategy a bit more clearly.

Figure 2. Choosing the best communication technique for your situation.

Communication Modes Implications

Figure 2 indicates that that the viability of communication options available to you varies depending on the situation that you find yourself in.  For example, people on a co-located team can communication in pretty much any manner they choose.  Ideally they would choose face-to-face communication around a whiteboard or paper but there’s nothing stopping someone from writing a detailed document and then emailing it to someone sitting beside them.  When a team is geographically distributed they have fewer communication strategies available to them, unless of course they invest in travel so that they can be face-to-face.

Figure 2 also indicates strategies for capturing, or persisting, a conversation.  For example, a few people could have a conversation around a whiteboard, sketching the design of a screen perhaps.  When they’re done they might decide to take a digital snapshot of it so that they can retain the diagram to work on it later (many organizations still don’t provide permanent whiteboard space to their development teams).  They may even choose to have someone write up notes, perhaps on a wiki or in a word processor, and embed the snapshot(s) into those notes.

To summarize, when it comes to how people communicate with one another they have choices.  Disciplined agilists prefer to choose the most appropriate communication strategy for the situation that they find themselves in.

Have any Question or Comment?

23 comments on “Choose the Best Communication Technique Available

Multisensory learning seems a closely associated field of study. Similarly, role-playing with CRC cards (more than a decade ago) seemed quite effective at both developing a common understanding of [object] collaboration and of the behaviors peculiar to a class.

We begin new Scrum teams with paper index cards (stories) and stickies (tasks) before graduating to an electronic medium in part because it is simpler to learn but also because it emphasizes the ‘rigid flexibility’ (mutability andf transcience) of both those items and their wording. Cohn makes a point about tearing up a card in his Norway presentation (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6q5-cVeNjCE). When our team members tear up a card, the learning is concurrently auditory, visual, and (for the tearer) tactile [… leaving ‘smells’ a metaphor.]

Communication is the transfer of meaning, but the act of coding a message for transfer is itself message refinement, so when choosing ‘best communication technique available we should consider the value of the medium (or, better, media) for (en)forcing thought refinement as well. Using multiple forms (e.g. words and pictures) requires the sender to ‘translate’ the ideas twice.

Reply

Very interesting and informative article. especially the graphs. it is attention grabbing, clear and straightforward. thanks for sharing.

Reply

Profound critique, I liked the electronics for beginners pdf section

Reply

Hi, fantastic advice and an exciting article, it’s going to be interesting if this is still the
situation in a few years time

Reply

Exceptionally fascinating piece of writing

Reply

Hi, fantastic recommendation and an fascinating article,
it will be interesting if this is still the case in a few years time

Reply

Hi, important advice and an fascinating article, it is going to be fascinating if this is still the situation in a few years time

Reply

I seldom discuss these articles, but I thought this on deserved a well done

Reply

Terrific Piece of writing

Reply

I searched for this title and found this, great read

Reply

Extremely interesting article

Reply

I hardly ever discuss these items, but I assumed this on deserved a big thankyou

Reply

Fantastic object, I enjoyed the headphone hacks bit

Reply

I searched for the article title and discovered this, great read

Reply

Well I searched for the article title and discovered this,
great read

Reply

I seldom comment on these articles, but I thought this on deserved a big thankyou

Reply

Wonderful object, I liked the digital recorder box bit

Reply

I seldom discuss these posts, but I assumed this on deserved a big thankyou

Reply

I searched for the article title and found this, never
thought i’d find my answer

Reply

Leave a Reply to Grace Hill Cancel reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Categories

Archives